The Congo Crisis (French: Crise congolaise) was a period of political upheaval and conflict in the Republic of the Congo (modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo) between 1960 and 1965. The crisis began soon after the Congo received independence from Belgium and ended, unofficially, with the entire country under the regime of Joseph-Desiré Mobutu. Although constituting a series of civil wars, the Congo Crisis was also a proxy conflict in the Cold War and both United States and Soviet Union supported opposing factions.

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